Bibliology is the study of the Bible. It pertains to topics such as inspiration, inerrancy, and interpretation of the Bible (among others).
- I. Inspiration – Before arriving at a definition of what inspiration is one must first look at what the Bible actually has to say about its origins. There are two main texts that are referenced when examining inspiration.
- a. 2 Tim. 3:16-17 – This verse shows that all scripture has its origins with God. The Greek word theopneustos literally means “breathed out by God.” Not only is the Scripture directly from God, but it is also beneficial to all walks of human life.
- b. 2 Peter 1:20-21 – It was not by any will of man that the Scriptures came into existence. The Holy Spirit used the writers of the Bible to produce the Scriptures.
- c. 2 Cor. 2:13 – Paul here references the words that he uses, alluding to inspiration of the very words of the Bible and not just the ideas (concept inspiration) or only the sections dealing with salvation (partial inspiration).
- d. A Definition of Inspiration – After looking at the above scriptures, Ryrie provides a good definition of what inspiration is: “God superintended the human authors of the Bible so that they composed and recorded without error His message to mankind in the words of their original writings.”
- II. Inerrancy – Inerrancy means the Bible tells the truth. There are no contradictory statements in the Bible. (cf. Jn. 10:35; 17:17
- III. Interpretation – The science and process of interpretation is commonly referred to as hermeneutics. The method the Bible should be interpreted is literally (although due to misunderstanding of the word, it may be better to use the words plain, or normal). Those who hold to a literal interpretation understand that the Bible makes use of metaphors and similes. Basically the Bible is to be taken at face value. The opposite of literal interpretation is allegorical interpretation, taking a passage of Scripture and saying that it means something else.
 Ryrie, Charles. “Basic Theology” p. 81